a football field to accommodate ISS on the ground.
Huge construction flies
in space !
Maximum of six
ISS incorporates various functions and ideas to allow
astronauts to work safely.
The primary areas the astronauts utilize are five
"experiment modules" which are for working, and research, and a habitation
module where they live. Inside the module, the atmosphere is kept almost the
same as on the ground so that astronauts can survive in shirts sleeve style.
Solar panels are attached to generate power, and a robot arm will be used to
support the tasks outside the ISS. A maximum of seven astronauts can be accommodated.
Remote Manipulator System will be utilized to mate large parts,
such as modules, to ISS.
It moves along the truss structure located in the center
of the ISS.
A node is a joint which connects modules to each other.
Until the habitation
module (Service Module) is available, the node-1 will be used as a living area.
Later it will be used as a storage area so that it will be fully utilized.
addition to the Node, a docking module is also used to connect parts.
Photovoltaic Arrays are used daily on Earth. In space, solar
panels also receive sunlight and generates power. The panel will be rotated to
face the sun all the time.
This is where astronauts live. Astronauts from participating
countries use this area in common.
Astronauts conduct experiments or research here.
The working area contains various devices.
The data of ISS
108.5m x 72.8m (About the size of a football field)
|Total volume of
Russian Research Module,
Japanese Experiment Module(Kibo)
Zarya(Functional Cargo Block:FGB),
Zvezda Service Module,
Pirs Docking Compartment(DC-1),
Permanent Multipurpose Module(PMM),
Quest Joint Airlock, Unity(Node1),
locations on the truss, 10 locations on Kibo EF, 4 locations on Columbus|
(2-3 before ISS completion)
orbit, Orbital Altitude 330km - 460km. Inclination 51.6 degrees
Shuttle (USA), |
Soyuz and Proton (Russia)
Ariane 5 (Europe),
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) and complementary
data relay satellites
of Japan, and Europe