Dr. Satoshi Furukawa was born in 1964, in Yokohama, Kanagawa. He received a Doctor of Medicine in 1989 and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Medical Science in 2000, from the University of Tokyo.
From 1989 to 1999, Dr. Furukawa worked in the Department of Surgery at the University of Tokyo, the Department of Anaesthesiology at JR Tokyo General Hospital, and the Department of Surgery at Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital and at Sakuragaoka Hospital.
In February 1999, Dr. Furukawa was selected by the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA, currently Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) as one of three Japanese astronaut candidates for the International Space Station (ISS), together with Akihiko Hoshide and Naoko Yamazaki.
Dr. Furukawa started NASDA's Basic Training program in April 1999 and was certified as an astronaut in January 2001.
From April 2001, he participated in ISS Advanced Training, as well as supporting the development of the hardware and operation of the Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo".
In May 2004, Furukawa was certified as a Soyuz-TMA Flight Engineer. He was dispatched to NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) in June 2004 to be certified as Mission Specialists (MS). He went through training (basic training) at JSC for about a year and eight months, and was qualified for flight assignments aboard the space shuttle as a MS in Feb. 2006.
In May, 2008, he was assigned as a back-up crew member for the ISS Expedition 20 mission.
In November 2008, mission designations for the subsequent ISS expeditions were renumbered, and the Expedition 20 was renumbered Expedition 22/23. Accordingly, Dr. Furukawa became a back-up crew member for the Expedition 22/23 mission.
In December 2008, he was assigned as a Flight Engineer for the ISS Expedition 28/29 mission.
From June to November 2011, he stayed on the ISS for 165 days as a flight engineer for the Expedition 28/29 mission. His mission included experiments in Kibo, and ISS maintenance. He also supported the last space shuttle mission, STS-135. He flew on the Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft (27S) for both launch and return.
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