The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), known as "Kibo" (pronounced key-bow) which means hope in Japanese, is Japan's first human-rated space facility and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's (JAXA's) first contribution to the International Space Station (ISS) program.
Kibo was designed and developed with a view to conducting scientific research activities on orbit. In Kibo, a maximum of four astronauts can perform experimental activities.
Currently, educational, cultural and commercial uses of Kibo are also planned. Thus, as a part of the ISS, Kibo will provide extensive opportunities for utilization of the space environment.
Resources necessary for Kibo's on-orbit operation, such as air, power, data, and cooling fluid, are provided from the US segment of the ISS.
Kibo is a complex facility consisting of the following six major elements: 1) Pressurized Module (PM), 2) Exposed Facility (EF), 3) Experiment Logistics Module-Pressurized Section (ELM-PS), 4) Experiment Logistics Module-Exposed Section (ELM-ES), 5) Japanese Experiment Module Remote Manipulator System (JEMRMS), and 6) Inter-orbit Communication System (ICS).
All element components of the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) "Kibo" are tested at the Tsukuba Space Center (TKSC) before shipping to NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in preparation for launch.
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