Competition to Cooperation.
Project started in 1984.
|President Reagan called
for worldwide cooperation, in 1984. |
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA) began talking about an International Space Station
in 1982, and full discussions started in 1984. With then President Reagan's announcement,
"Within ten years we are going to construct a Space Station where mankind
can stay.", the International Space Station (ISS) program was officially
started. At the international conference held in London in the same year, he called
upon attending countries to participate in the program.
image of the ISS drawn in 1987, three years after the program started.|
structure was called "a double-keel configuration" since two large keels
were stretching out from its central structure. This shape is very different from
that of today's ISS.
1987, space development ment competition among countries. |
explored space for the first time in April 1961 when Yuri Gagarin was successfully
launched aboard Vostok 1 by the Soviet Union (now Russia).
In 1969 the United
States of America became the first nation to successfully land a man on the moon.
Space development of those days was a competition between the USA and Russia,
and the pride of both countries depended on their performance. Both countries
were facing severe competition and conducting research on their own.
years have passed since the ISS program was announced in 1984. Countries, including
the two major rivals of old days, got together and are going to utilize their
top technologies for the common target, ISS.
Union (now Russia)||
States of America|