Material science and life science are two scientific fields promoted in Kibo Utilization in microgravity. Material science in space aims at investigating fundamental phenomena such as solidification of materials and behaviors of a liquid, which are difficult to observe on Earth. Those results may lead to improvement of manufacturing processes of useful materials like semiconductors. Life science in space aims at understanding how organisms on Earth may adapt to the space environment and how organisms may avail themselves of microgravity to reside in space are studied.
JAXA’s material science experiments mainly focus on growth and structure of crystals, and convection phenomena around crystals, in order to attain knowledge to understand the fundamental mechanisms of physical phenomena related to the material creation processes. Crystals are important point to make various kinds of the material.
JAXA’s life science experiments focus on functions of genes and proteins that control life phenomena to understand effects of the space environment (esp. microgravity and space radiation) on the life phenomena.
|Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF)||Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection （Marangoni Exp）||Tokyo University of Science,Suwa
Yokohama National University
|Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP)||ISAS, JAXA
|Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (Dynamic Surf)||ISAS/JAXA
Satoshi Matsumoto /Yasuhiro Kamotani
|Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF)||Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal)||Hokkaido University
|Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet)||ISAS, JAXA
|Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF)||Growth of Homogeneous SiGe Crystals in Microgravity by the TLZ Method (Hicari)||ISAS, JAXA
|Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF), Clean Bench (CB)||Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene)||Nara Medical University
|Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH)||RIKEN
|Control of cell differentiation and morphogenesis of amphibian culture cells (Dome Gene)||University of Tokyo
|Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (RadSilk)||Kyoto Institute of Technology
|RNA interference and protein phosphorylation in space environment using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (CERISE)||Tohoku University
|Cbl-Mediated Protein Ubiquitination Downregulates the Response of Skeletal Muscle Cells to Growth Factors in Space (Myo Lab)||University of Tokushima
|Hydrotropism and auxin-inducible gene expression in roots grown in microgravity conditions (Hydro Tropi)||Tohoku University
|Biological effects of space radiation and microgravity on mammalian cells (Neuro Rad)||Kagoshima University
|Life Cycle of Higher Plants under Microgravity Conditions (Space Seed)||University of Toyama
|Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Wheat Seedlings (Ferulate)||Osaka City University
In the applied research utilization, results of experiments in space will be applied to product developments on Earth aiming at betterment of our life. Research and development of protein crystal growth and nano material in space, for which effectiveness of space utilization has been proven by past ISS utilization activities, will be conducted in cooperation with industries and research institutes.
|Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF)||High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC)||Researchers in universities and research institutes are to be assigned.|
|Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF)||Applied research core center promotion program New material development||Nagoya Institute of Technology
|Applied research core center promotion program Dynamics of Interfaces||Tokyo University of Science
For the human space activities in future, clinical research of space medicine and technical demonstrations of human spaceflight technologies will be conducted aiming to contribute to health care of astronauts and development of human spaceflight technologies.
Especially in the field of space medicine, medical procedures or measures against possible health risks to Japanese astronauts, who will stay onboard the ISS for about six-month, will be established by prioritizing the issues, aiming to ensure their safer and more effective space activities.
|Area Passive Dosimeter for Lifescience Experiments in Space (Area PADLES)||JAXA Space Environment Utilization Center|
|High Definition Television transmitting system (HDTV)||JAXA Space Environment Utilization Center|
|Varidation of On-orbit Digital Holter ECG Monitering||JAXA Human Space Technology and Astronauts Department|
|Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss||University of Tokushima
Educational activities such as on-orbit simple science experiments for students and pilot missions in humanities and social sciences will be conducted to attract more people to science, technology and space development, and to engage them in Kibo program.
|Space Poem Chain||JAXA Space Environment Utilization Center|
|Pilot missions for utilization for culture and humanty and social sciences||Tokyo University of the Arts
University of Tsukuba
Kyoto City University of Arts
Fee-based utilization of Kibo is available to unrestricted research groups for commercial use. Costs involved in the operation will be paid by each user. The results obtained through the utilization will belong to the user.
Astronomical observations, Earth observations, Communication, various science and engineering experiments or Material experiments will be conducted on the Exposed Facility (EF), by utilizing the microgravity and high vacuum environment.
|Research on Long-and Short-Term Variations of ALL Sky A-ray Sources (MAXI)||ISAS, JAXA
|Space Environment Data Acquisition equipment - Attached Payload (SEDA-AP)||ARD,JAXA|
|Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES)||ISAS, JAXA
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